Later, historians explained Chamberlain`s policy in different ways. One could say that he sincerely believed that the objectives of Hitler and Mussolini were limited and that the colonization of their abuses would protect the world from war; Security, military and air power should be strengthened. Many found this belief misleading, because the demands of dictators were not limited and appeasement gave them time to gain more strength. By the early 1930s, British public opinion had strongly opposed war and rearmament, although that began to change in the mid-decade. During a debate at the Oxford Union Society in 1933, a group of students passed a motion saying they would not fight for the king and the country, which convinced some Germans that Britain would never go to war.  Baldwin told the House of Commons that in 1933, because of the strong pacifist atmosphere in the country, he had not been able to pursue a policy of rearmament.  In 1935, eleven million responded to the « election campaign for peace » of the League of Nations by pledging to reduce armaments through an international agreement.  On the other hand, the same poll found that 58.7% of British voters supported « collective military sanctions » against the aggressors, and the public reaction to the Hoare Laval pact with Mussolini was extremely unfavourable.  Even the left wing of the pacifist movement began to turn rapidly with the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, and many peace voters began to engage in international brigades to fight Hitler`s ally, Francisco Franco.
By the height of the Spanish conflict in 1937, the majority of young pacifists had changed their views to accept that war could be a legitimate response to aggression and fascism.   British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher cited Churchill`s example during the 1982 Falklands War: « When the US Secretary of State, Alexander Haig, pressed her, Reaching a compromise with the Argentinians, sharply raped them on the table and told her « that this was the table at which Neville Chamberlain sat in 1938 and spoke of the Czechs as a distant people of which little is known.  The spectre of appeasement was raised in discussions of the Yugoslav wars of the 1990s.  Today, the Munich Agreement is widely regarded as an aborted act of appeasement, and the term has become « a watchword for the futility of soothing expansionist expansionist totalitarian states. »  Meanwhile, the British government has asked Benea to request a mediator.