The report, called the second biennial update report, lists India`s latest emissions data, as well as the types of threats the country is already seeing in climate change. Business Standard reviewed a draft report prepared by the EU`s Ministry of Environment, Forestry and Climate. The project will undergo a round of inter-departmental consultations before being completed. The report noted that « action to combat climate change must double or triple over the next decade to limit global average temperature growth to 1.5 degrees Celsius beyond pre-industrial periods, a goal of the Paris Agreement that must « double or triple action to combat climate change over the next decade to reduce emissions by 50% by 2030. » The « Truth Behind the Climate Pledges » report, published by the Universal Ecological Fund, a non-profit research organization based in the United States of America on climate change issues, examined climate promises by a panel of experts from the United Kingdom, the United States, Argentina and Austria. The experts, made up of climate scientists and scientific organizations, ranked countries on the basis of their commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and identified weaknesses in voluntary commitments. According to the Indian Constitution, climate protection is the mandate of the States and territories of the Union. Some 29 countries have developed Climate Change Action Plans (SAPCCs) as part of the National Climate Change Action Plan. With new national climate change targets, in line with INDC, CPSAs should be redesigned to meet the new commitments. Although not specified in the NDC, we believe that the goal of creating an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 GtCO2e by 2030 through additional wood and tree cover is cumulative, which equates to an average annual carbon sink of 167 to 200 MtCO2e over the 2016-2030 period.
More than half of this could be achieved through the « Green India » mission, which aims to improve annual carbon capture by about 100 MtCO2e (Indian government, 2015). In addition to formal intergovernmental negotiations, countries, cities and regions, businesses and civil society members around the world are taking steps to accelerate climate cooperation efforts to support the Paris Agreement as part of the Global Climate Agenda. At the same time, progress in the fight against climate change has not been fast enough. To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures. While the coronavirus pandemic is primarily a health, employment and employment crisis, it will also have an impact on efforts to promote the fight against climate change. On the one hand, most heads of state and government are not focusing these days on the fight against climate change and the COP26 climate summit, originally scheduled for Glasgow in November 2020, has been postponed until next year.