The following geographical indications of the United Kingdom, including « cross-border geographical indications » relating to the territory of Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, are protected in this agreement: 22 The UE-ESA agreement was established under the Cotonou Agreement, which contains a human rights clause. This clause was reiterated in the EU-ESA agreement. The Cotonou Partnership Agreement was signed in 2000 and is a legally binding agreement between the EU and 78 countries in Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific. The aim was to establish a comprehensive partnership with three pillars: development cooperation, political cooperation and economic and trade cooperation. It expires in February 2020. Subject to a period of implementation, the Cotonou agreement would no longer apply to the UK in the event of an exit from the EU. As of 31 October 2020[update], the United Kingdom had concluded 24 trade agreements with 53 countries, some using mutatis mutandis an approach mutatis mutandis to quickly emulate existing agreements between the EU and these countries, specifying only these small areas of differentiation (which has reduced some agreements to about 40 pages from the initial region of 1400). Among them are significant economies — by nominal GDP — such as South Korea, Switzerland, Israel and South Africa. The new trade continuity agreement will be useful to many sectors in both countries. As the UK prepares to leave the EU, it has made Chile one of its first trading partners for the future.
Trade relations between countries have increased considerably since the first free trade agreement. In return, Ambassador Bowden said: « This is a milestone of critical importance to the UK`s independent trade policy. In addition, it is historically important that we sign the agreement with a country with which we have established an important trade relationship for more than two hundred years. The agreement was amended by the 2004 accession protocol. It can therefore be concluded that the conclusion of the agreement implies not only basic trade based on import taxes, but also easier access to the countries of other countries.